Habitat restoration of maquis and woodland habitats in Comino
: 350 ha
: 2 years
: Ambjent Malta
Biodiversity conservation or increased biodiversity
Yes, habitat restoration is expected to improve biodiversity conservation and to restore ecological processes. Pests, high tourist inflows and droughts were identified as the main threats acting on biodiversity and potentially impacting on the success of the habitat restoration.
Yes, habitat restoration is expected to improve biodiversity and natural ecological processes.
Drought and heat risk
The Mediterranean Region is considered as a "hot-spot" of climate change, having been identified in global climate scenarios as one of the most responsive regions to climate change (Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). There is a consensus in scientific literature that average temperatures will rise across most of the Mediterranean Region, and that precipitation will decrease (Ulbrich et al. 2013; Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). Observed annual mean temperatures in the Mediterranean Region are now 1.4 °C higher than the average late-nineteenth-century levels particularly during the summer months (Cramer et al., 2018).
Yes, the site consists of abandoned terraced fields that are exposed to wind.
Limited knowledge about biodiversity
The Malta National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) reports that the results of the Eurobarometer Surveys on Attitudes of Europeans towards Biodiversity in 2007 and 2010 indicate that 14.4% and 18% respectively of Maltese respondents had heard of the term “biodiversity” and knew what it meant. A survey commissioned by MEPA in 2011 indicates that out of the 500 persons interviewed, 24.6% of Maltese respondents heard of the term “biodiversity” and knew what it meant. In general there is a need to continue enhancing biodiversity awareness and gain more knowledge on the meaning of ‘biodiversity’ (ERA, 2018d).
Terrestrial biodiversity (SDG15)
Yes, this action aims to increase forest cover whilst reducing the proportion of land that is degraded (ERA, 2019).