Reduced drought risk, cooling effect, urban heat island mitigation
Yes, being the Northern area one of the most touristic ones, and by consequence highly populated (especially in summer), the creation of further green areas in neighbourhoods will face problems of heat waves (Naturvation, 2020).
Biodiversity conservation or increased biodiversity
Yes, the interventions will regenerate and expand existing areas within neighbourhoods, by creating pocket parks and planting new trees and arboreal species (Naturvation, 2020).
Yes, through the creation of additional neighbourhood green spaces (naturvation, 2020).
Increased quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
The intervention aims at regenerating areas which are the most touristic ones, and highly populated (especially in summer), with a high index of social decay. The initiative is carried out in order to improve the urban resiliency of intervention areas, through the creation of further green areas in neighbourhoods dealing with problems of heatwaves and environmental degradation. (Naturvation, 2020).
Improved aesthetic value
Yes, by the regeneration and expansion of existing green areas within grey infrastructure in the northern part of the city of Palermo. (Naturvation, 2020).
Increased access to green infrastructure
Increased social interaction and inclusion
In addition, playground for kids and recreational area will be implemented to improve social cohesion. (Naturvation, 2020).
Provision of health benefits
Yes, interventions offer revitalisation and further extension of nature-based recreational areas for locals and tourists alike. (Naturvation, 2020).
Education, knowledge exchange and learning
Yes, the RUIS project also aims at the development of new EU models of urban well-being with regard to the adaptation of infrastructures for social and cultural, educational and didactic services, besides the support of cultural and educational activities provided by public and private entities. (Consiglio dei Ministri, 2016).
Drought and heat risk
The Mediterranean Region is considered as a "hot-spot" of climate change, having been identified in global climate scenarios as one of the most responsive regions to climate change (Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). There is a consensus in scientific literature that average temperatures will rise across most of the Mediterranean Region, and that precipitation will decrease (Ulbrich et al. 2013; Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). Observed annual mean temperatures in the Mediterranean Region are now 1.4 °C higher than the average late-nineteenth-century levels particularly during the summer months (Cramer et al., 2018).
Low aesthetic value
Yes, the principal identified areas for the regeneration process are those which are deemed to be in a state of degradation (Naturvation, 2020).
Negative environmental impacts on human health
Yes, it is expected that the quality of life of the residents will improve substantially, once the interventions have been finalised (Naturvation, 2020).
Good health and well-being (SDG3)
Sustainable cities and communities (SDG11)
Climate action, resilience, mitigation and adaptation (SDG13)