Increased provisioning of ecosystem goods (e.g. Food, water, etc)
Increased infiltration, water retention and flood protection
Yes, a core element of the project is the elaboration of both a hydrological model and a hydraulic model. For project purposes, the models will be adjusted to low flow conditions; nevertheless they will also permit the analysis and operation of flood measures for flood protection, navigation and other provisions on the Ljubljanica. (University of Ljubljana, 2015).
Biodiversity conservation or increased biodiversity
Yes, this project is providing restoration of the river Ljubljanica's function as a corridor, improvement of water management and creating better links between Natura 2000 sites. (IUCN, 2019). The diverse hydrological water regime on the Ljubljana Marshes enables the maintenance of a distinct ecological system with high biodiversity protected by, and subject to, marshy lands. Part of the Marshes is protected by Natura 2000. To improve the ecological status in the Natura 2000 Ljubljana Marshes area, it was necessary to ensure the passage on the Ljubljanica for endangered fish species, particularly for Danube Salmon, Danube Roach and Striped Chub. (University of Ljubljana, 2015).
Yes, the project has as goals the removal of barriers to fish migration, enhancement and restoration of habitats and improvement of the water management infrastructure. (IUCN, 2019).
Increased quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
Yes, the project foresees the installation of a water monitoring system. (IUCN, 2019).
The water regime in the Ljubljanica river and its tributaries impacts the Natura 2000 habitats as well as activities linked to fisheries, tourism navigation, the drainage/sewage system, sound agriculture and, over time, the entire infrastructure. When water levels dip, excessive drainage and subsidence of soil occur, lesding to deterioration of the entire infrastructure. Essentially, the project is multipurpose and multifunctional. (IUCN, 2019). The Ljubljanica riverbed is one of the foremost archaeological sites in Slovenia. At the bottom of the river bed, artefacts hailing from different periods have been discovered, i.e. from prehistoric to modern times. On account of its archaeological importance, the Ljubljanica river has been safeguarded as a cultural monument since 2003. (University of Ljubljana, 2015).
Education, knowledge exchange and learning
Yes, through project (LIFE10 NAT/SI/000142) visibility and dissemination activities.
Low provisioning of ecosystem goods (e.g. Water, food)
Yes, the project is foced on the Ljubljanica river corridor restoration and upgrading of the river’s flow regime.
Drought and heat risk
The Mediterranean Region is considered as a "hot-spot" of climate change, having been identified in global climate scenarios as one of the most responsive regions to climate change (Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). There is a consensus in scientific literature that average temperatures will rise across most of the Mediterranean Region, and that precipitation will decrease (Ulbrich et al. 2013; Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). Observed annual mean temperatures in the Mediterranean Region are now 1.4 °C higher than the average late-nineteenth-century levels particularly during the summer months (Cramer et al., 2018).