Yes, NbS concepts based on ecological restoration, ecosystem-based management and area-based conservation have been put into practice (IUCN, 2019).
Increased quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
In collaboration with neighbourhood residents and other interested people, two NGOs (Bunker and KUD Obrat) and the residents of the Tabor neighborhood aimed to transform a long-fenced-off plot of land near Resljeva Street in Ljubljana into a community space intended for urban gardens, socializing, ecological projects, education, and culture. Ultimately, the goal of this intervention was to examine and show the potential of degraded urban areas and the possibility of their receiving new value through temporary use and community-based interventions. (INERIT, 2017).
The setting up of an urban community garden in the core of Ljubljana on public land also serves as a critique of and a very necessary alternative to the city’s new policy of managing and leasing small garden plots, which was adopted by law in 2009 and was put into effect in 2010 with the first model gardens. (IUCN, 2019).
Improved aesthetic value
Yes, this project is a unique example of converting a degraded urban area (an old building site) into a shared community green space. (IUCN, 2019).
Increased access to green infrastructure
Yes, community green spaces have been created.
Increased communities' sense of ownership
Giving the community members the autonomy to develop, maintain, and engage in their own governance of green space, allows for the individual to acquire a sense of self-efficacy and responsibility over the implementation of green practices in their neighborhoods. (INHERIT, 2017).
Increased social interaction and inclusion
The sense of solidarity inculcated through a shared development of this common green space can help bring about more inclusivity for community members at the fringes of society. (INHERIT, 2017).
Increased willingness, participation, investment in NBS
Community members collectively transformed an abandoned building site into 25 vegetable allotments with the help of local residents. In 2012 over 80 participants took care of 40 gardens. They also took part in various public and community events. (INHERIT, 2017).
Provision of health benefits
The creation of a green space can encourage individuals to be active and go outside, increases solidarity with the members of their own communities, and potentially increases the consumption of locally-sourced vegetables from the community gardening plots. (INHERIT, 2017).
Education, knowledge exchange and learning
Yes, through promoting adequate nutrition and sustainability, achieved through the transformation of an old construction site into shared community gardens. The site became host to several workshops and community events centered on sustainable urban agriculture and ecological means of consumption. (INHERIT, 2017). Main activities: A communication campaign encouraging residents to take part in the restoration of a construction pit, including informal oral communication and community flyers. • Definition of three fundamental rules for the shared use and management of the site: each person would prepare their own vegetable bed or, if they weren’t able to do this alone, would help in preparing their bed; use of any chemicals in gardening was prohibited; and in addition to tending to their own patch, each participant also had to undertake part of the care for the common area. • Workshops on ecological gardening. (INHERIT, 2017)
Drought and heat risk
The Mediterranean Region is considered as a "hot-spot" of climate change, having been identified in global climate scenarios as one of the most responsive regions to climate change (Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). There is a consensus in scientific literature that average temperatures will rise across most of the Mediterranean Region, and that precipitation will decrease (Ulbrich et al. 2013; Lionello and Scarascia, 2018). Observed annual mean temperatures in the Mediterranean Region are now 1.4 °C higher than the average late-nineteenth-century levels particularly during the summer months (Cramer et al., 2018).
Low aesthetic value
This project has collectively transformed a derelict building site into community green spaces. (INHERIT, 2017).
Food security (SDG2) Zero Hunger
Good health and well-being (SDG3)
Sustainable cities and communities (SDG11)
Climate action, resilience, mitigation and adaptation (SDG13)