: GIZ, commissioned by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), implemented the project in cooperation with two NGOs ‐ the Participatory Development Programme in Urban Areas (PDP) and the Research Center on Urban Agriculture and Food Security (RUAF) and the private Schaduf Company
Increased provisioning of ecosystem goods (e.g. Food, water, etc)
Yes, the project is aimed to support a local sustainable social-business model through urban rooftop farming.
Reduced drought risk, cooling effect, urban heat island mitigation
Yes, rooftop farming (in addition to other types of urban agriculture) has a beneficial impact on the microclimate (IUCN, 2019) and acts to limit localised heat stress (Schuck, 2016).
Increased quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
Yes, introducing green spaces in the form of urban farming on rooftops in a very densely populated area (Farag, 2020) with limited availability of agricultural lands (urban sprawl has led to the loss of about 19% of fertile agricultural lands (Youssef, Sevilam, Khadr, 2020).
Rooftop farming (like other types of urban agriculture) has a beneficial effect on the microclimate and the environment, and on economic development as well as community participation. It can be considered as an option as regards adaptation to climate change in urban environments. (Schuck, 2016).
Improved aesthetic value
Yes, rooftop farming is located in Cairo's urban areas (unplanned informal settlements).
Creation of green jobs relating to the construction and maintenance of NBS
Through the 2017 scaled up project, there are around 20 households/ families participating part of the rooftop farming network, as well as an additional 20 beneficiaries that were trained to become part of the Rooftop farming (RTF) Hub enabled to onboard new household. (Farag, 2020)
Increased access to green infrastructure
Yes, the one of the project outcomes is increased access to green infrastructure in the Cairo region.
Increased social interaction and inclusion
Yes, rooftop farming has a beneficent impact on integration of marginalized groups (e.g. women and youth) and community participation. (IUCN, 2019).
Increased willingness, participation, investment in NBS
Yes, by communities, NGOs and institutional stakeholders participation. (Schuck, 2016).
Provision of health benefits
Yes, rooftop farming has a beneficial effect on health (Schuck, 2016).
Education, knowledge exchange and learning
Yes, through capacity building theoretical, technical and practical trainings more information was provided about rooftop farming (e.g. about a hydroponic system of waterbeds; financial costs of the installation and operational aspects). (IUCN, 2019; Fangary, 2019).
Low provisioning of ecosystem goods (e.g. Water, food)
Drought and heat risk
Yes, over the past decades the average annual air temperature in the Greater Cairo Region has been steadily going up and is expected to rise further. (Schuck, 2016).
Low availability of green infrastructure
The Arab region is one of the most urbanized and rapidly urbanizing regions in the world. Whereas in 2010 circa 56% of the total population were city-dwellers, in 2050 the percentage is expected to have risen to 68%. Cairo is expected to remain the largest city of the Arab region, reaching 16 million inhabitants by 2050. (Schuck, 2016).
Low aesthetic value
Yes, rooftop farming has a positive effectt on income and economic development. The implementation of the project began with the selection of participants, and this was succeded by training and the technical setup. To be able to meet the costs for the technical installations, the low‐income families were granted repayable loans (by Schaduf Company), which were paid back by monthly crop sales. Farmers were typically able to pay back the loans within a year. Families retained roughly 10% of the crops grown for personal consumption. Schaduf Company purchased the rest, reselling it to local markets with profit for the farmers. (Schuck, 2016).
Food security (SDG2) Zero Hunger
Good health and well-being (SDG3)
Sustainable cities and communities (SDG11)
Climate action, resilience, mitigation and adaptation (SDG13)