Rehabilitation of the "Campo Grande" garden southern area
: Regeneration of an urban park based on NbS, incorporating biodiversity and renaturing initiatives. Implementation of natural acoustic barriers along the entire perimeter of the garden, which are made by mounds of soil arranged interchangeably between themselves doubling the surface area.
Increased provisioning of ecosystem goods (e.g. Food, water, etc)
Yes, there is implemented the adoption of environmentally friendly measures focused on nature-based solutions with special emphasis on the water retention and recovery system (Alemão, 2018).
Increased infiltration, water retention and flood protection
Yes, by implementing the “intelligent” retention basins system with capacity for a thousand cubic meters. The rainwater retention basins inserted in the topography of the garden ensure a completely different approach to the way they are drained, but also an aesthetic benefit to the urban landscape. The network of basins will allow the park to be self-sufficient at the water level avoiding recourse to the supply of water from the network, in addition to ensuring the relieving of the load in the downstream drainage network. When it rains torrentially, the water accumulated there will cease to flow into the lower areas of the city, as it will be retained by the green stain, thus avoiding it pouring into the rain network. Being prepared for these moments of greatest pressure in terms of rainfall, the vegetable structure of Jardim do Campo Grande will not, according to the city officials, fail to respond to height in situations of water stress that is, drought. (Alemão, 2018).
Reduced drought risk, cooling effect, urban heat island mitigation
Yes, urban green infrastructure such as street trees and urban parks have a significant role in mitigating urban heat and enhancing human comfort (Saaroni et al; 2018).
Biodiversity conservation or increased biodiversity
Yes, reducing pedestrian circulation spaces to just a single path, and implementing the mounds of soil arranged interchangeably among themselves along the entire perimeter of the garden contribute to doubling the area for urban greenery per square meter and guarantee the growth of the grassy area. Increasing green areas enhance the potential for urban biodiversity and ecosystem service provisioning (Alemão, 2018).
Yes, the main project outcome is a rehabilitated urban park with the inevitable climate change in mind based on the implementation of nature-based solutions (Alemão, 2018).
Increased quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
Yes, due the rehabilitated urban park, implemented the mounds of soil serve as an acoustic barrier (significantly reducing the noise of cars), 180 planted trees and increased vegetation areas (Alemão, S. 2018).
Yes, Urban green spaces (UGS) provide multiple benefits, and public parks in particular have a key role in supporting ecological and social sustainability in cities, contributing to human-nature interactions (Vierikko et al; 2020).
Improved aesthetic value
Yes, the garden has been adapted to new concepts of urban landscaping, these interventions have allowed greater transparency and greater security for those who circulate, now there is only one pedestrian axis, allowing a greater predominance of green areas (Alemão, S. 2018).
Increased access to green infrastructure
Yes, provision of a more secure and pleasant urban green space for enjoyment.
Provision of health benefits
Yes, nature-based acoustic barriers (significantly reducing the noise of cars) are an important feature in a space surrounded by high traffic roads.Thus, a noise-mitigating effect is achieved, without resorting to such ugly acoustic panels. However, they also increase the feeling of protection from the outside. (Alemão, S. 2018).
Yes, one of the objectives of this project is to reduce flooding risk in the area by stablishing systems of rain water retention.
Low air quality
Drought and heat risk
Yes, the Mediterranean Basin is undergoing a warming trend with longer and warmer summers, an increase in the frequency and the severity of heat waves, changes in precipitation patterns and a reduction in rainfall amounts (Linares et al; 2020)
Loss of biodiversity
Low availability of green infrastructure
Low aesthetic value
Yes, the garden was a little dark and unsafe, with areas where people felt uncomfortable, after certain hours.
Good health and well-being (SDG3)
Sustainable cities and communities (SDG11)
Yes, this action aims to retain rain water to be used on the "Campo Grande" garden irrigation.
Climate action, resilience, mitigation and adaptation (SDG13)
Linares, C., Díaz, J., Negev, M., Martínez, G.S., Debono, R. and Paz, S. 2020. Impacts of climate change on the public health of the Mediterranean Basin population - current situation, projections, preparedness and adaptation. Environmental Research, 182:109107 Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.109107.
Saaroni, H., Amorim, J.H., Hiemstra, J.A., Pearlmutter, D. 2018. Urban Green Infrastructure as a tool for urban heat mitigation: Survey of research methodologies and findings across different climatic regions. Urban Climate, 24, 94–110.
Vierikko, K., Goncalves, P., Haase, D. Elands, B., Iojă, I.C., Jaatsi, M., Pieniniemi, M., Lindgren, J., Grilo, F., Santos-Reis, M.; Niemela, j. and pelkonen, V.2020. Biocultural diversity (BCD) in European cities—Interactions between motivations, experiences and environment in public parks. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 48: 126501.